The history of Yquem (like its wine) keeps a mystery even today. If the vineyard has been existing for a long time, the present castle is rather quite recent (the oldest parts date from the 15th century). In 1993, four hundred years old were celebrated at Château Yquem. It was on the 8th of December 1593 when Jacques de Sauvage acquired in tenure simple by an agreement of exchange of estates "la maison appelée Yquem...", a Crown's property at that time. Under Louis XVI, in 1785 exactly, the domain of Yquem came into the Lur-Saluces family by the marriage of Françoise Joséphine de Sauvage, the "Lady of Yquem", with Louis Amédée de Lur
Chateau d'Yquem is unquestionably one of the finest and most highly sought after dessert wines in the world. In the famous 1855 classification, Chateau d'Yquem was the only wine to be accorded the rank of Grand Premier Cru. Even the top Bordeaux red wine producers, such as Lafite and Latour, were simply classed as Premier
Crus. Only one glass of wine per vine is produced at d'Yquem after a painstaking
harvest and severe selection in the winery.
Chateau Yquem Vineyards
Chateau d'Yquem is the epicentre of Sauternes, of sweet wine over the world. It is a comparatively large vineyard, with nearly 113 hectares under vine though only about 100 hectares are devoted to full-production. There is a tapestry of soil profiles, predominantly gravel mixed with sand topsoil upon a water retentative clay sub-soil. Approximately four-fifths of the vineyard is dedicated to the Sémillon varietal, the remaining area Sauvignon Blanc with an average vine-age of 40 to 50 years
Chateau Yquem 2003 375ml
Full-bodied, with rich fruit that gives a cream, pineapple and honey character, yet the wine is compacted and reserved. Long and lively. This has more of a kick at the end compared with the 2001, but the 2001 has the edge still with its racy acidity. Who knows? Could be another 100-pointer; could even be better than the 2001. –JS" - Rated 95-100, Wine Spectator
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Chateau Yquem 2003
Discovering Chateau d’Yquem starts with the bouquet. Although not always very outgoing in young vintages, it is marked by fruit (apricot, mandarin, and occasionally tropical fruit) and oak (vanilla and toasty aromas). Older vintages, on the other hand, have a extraordinarily complex fragrance as soon as the bottle is opened.